Understanding the SNAP cuts as a part of broader food and agriculture policy

This evening’s House vote on the food assistance program SNAP is significant not only in the size of the cuts proposed but also by separating food assistance policy from agricultural subsidy policy. That pairing, which dates back to the Great Depression, has been key to the success of both policy programs. To understand the significance of the proposed cuts to SNAP, we need to understand it in a larger context.

SNAP, which is the new name for the food stamp program, would be cut by $40 billion over 10 years if the House bill H.R. 3102 is enacted, according to The New York Times, or about $4 billion a year. The cuts are unlikely to be enacted (more on that later), but let’s understand what the House’s proposal means. In fiscal year 2012, the total cost of SNAP was $78 billion, making this about a 5% cut. (The exact percent is unknown, since the total expenditures vary from year to year depending on the number of qualified participants.) About 47 million individuals benefited from SNAP in FY2012.

Food assistance programs like SNAP have normally been authorized by Congress in the Farm Bill, the same bill that directs expenditures for farm subsidy and crop insurance programs. As with SNAP, government expenditures on these agricultural programs varies substantially from year to year — in this case depending on crop yields, market prices, and other factors. The total expense of these agricultural subsidies is about $16 billion a year. That’s substantially less than the total expenditure on SNAP.

But there are also fewer direct beneficiaries of the agriculture programs. There are only about 3 million agriculture-related jobs in the U.S., compared to 47 million individuals participating in SNAP. Although it’s not farm workers who receive the assistance — it’s farm operations — making the number of direct beneficiaries much smaller than 3 million, let’s just spread it out. The $78 billion for SNAP is about $1,700 per direct beneficiary. The $16 billion for agricultural assistance programs spread across 3 million ag-related jobs is $5,300 per (indirect) beneficiary.

In this sense the agriculture programs cost more per capita, but they benefit fewer individuals (which might be good or bad depending on your perspective). In both cases, the amounts include overhead costs to the government, so actual benefits provided are much less.

SNAP, farm subsidies, and crop insurance all have a similar over-arching goal: providing a safety-net in a volatile world. And both introduce moral hazards. Because SNAP benefits are progressive, meaning you receive fewer benefits if you earn more, they may provide a disincentive to work. Price supports, one of the many types of farm subsidies, can encourage over-production.

H.R. 3102, the bill that separates SNAP from agriculture subsidy programs and reduces SNAP expenditures by 5%, passed the House narrowly with only Republican support. The Democratic-controlled Senate is unlikely to take up the House’s proposition, so it’s incredibly unlikely that the cuts will be enacted.

But the previous Farm Bill’s authorization of food and agriculture programs will expire soon. That means the House’s proposal is the latest benchmark as the negotiations continue between the parties, and between the chambers of Congress, to decide food and agriculture policy for the next five or ten years.

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28 Comments

  1. A SNAP recipient gets $ 1,700 per year?… and yet Rep Phil Gingery (net worth 3 million) who voted for the cuts, is “stuck” here in congress making 172,000 a year and is the welcoming recipient of a $3,500 food allowance for a 1 week trip. Was his vote to take food off the plates of the hungry made with his “CONSCIENCE” button switched to OFF?

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  2. The SNAP/Food Stamp/EBT program is an ever growing unaffordable, unsustainable program without an honest means test.
    It’s a burden on hard working taxpayers.
    Is it so wrong to require adults 18-50 years old to seek a job or enter job training? To end the benfit after a certain time frame?

    We all like to do our part to help the unfortunate but the taxpayers need to keep more of their money for their own families too.

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  3. James, so tax breaks for Multi Billion $ Corps is worth your taxes?
    Don’t pick on the little kid, pick on the bully!
    This is from Think Progress:
    Wells Fargo alone garnered $21.6 billion in tax subsidies
    over the four years, followed by General Electric ($10.6
    billion), Verizon ($7.7 billion), and Boeing ($6.0 billion). Just a few…
    See any hungry people here?

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  4. The most glaring of all the mean spirited and hypocritical votes cast by a Republican this term is that of Congressman Steven Fincher of Tennessee,who has received well over three million in farm subsidies, but voted yesterday to deprive several million children of food security. Calls himself a Christian.

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  5. While I was serving active duty in the United States Air Force I knew of several enlisted members working full time in the US military and not making enough money to stay out of poverty. They relied on food stamps to feed their family.

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  6. James, please familiarize yourself with the SNAP program. There is a means test, there is a job requirement, and there is an end to the benefit after a certain time frame. For childless adults without a job, they can receive SNAP for just 3 months every 3 years. For adults with children, they are required to participate in job placement programs, and are required to take any job offered to them, or they lose the benefit.

    The majority of SNAP beneficiaries do work jobs, but due to the economic recovery being based on growth of part-time employment at minimum wage, job holders are unable to feed themselves or their families. The size of SNAP is a problem–but it’s a problem because it is indicative of the state of the economy. More of us are sliding into the lower class and poverty while legislation increases benefits for the upper class. Fixing this needs to come before taking our poor’s food away.

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  7. James and Dwayne, you’re both right. An assistance program should be to help someone off their feet in time of need or temporary. It shouldn’t be a long term thing. There are obviously a variety of circumstances and people with various needs, but the majority who receive SNAP are able-bodied citizens that can work. As far as tax breaks for big corporations, that isn’t necessarily right either. That’s why there should be a flat tax. No subsidies, no exemptions, etc. Everyone pays a percentage (individuals and companies). Good for business. Good for government. Good for individuals of all income levels because everyone is paying equally relative to their income level. Oh and Mark’s comment on the top. I agree. They are way overpaid. Allowances are outrageous. Terms are too long. The list can go on.

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  8. Gingery is also Roman Catholic. Did he not READ what the Pope said the SAME day Gingrey was voting to cut food stamps for the needy! The hypocrisy of these peole knows no bounds, yet THE PEOPLE keep them on office.

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  9. Has SNAP ever been considered for specific food items only? I have no problem with my tax dollars going to this program, the problem for me is the fact it is an entitlement. We do not have a say in the way individuals use the benefit. I am sick of standing in line at the grocery store and watching many families buy candy and soda for their children with my tax dollars when children deserve better. Families who receive SNAP should be required to attend nutrition classes and only be allowed to buy specific grocery items.

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  10. There is no need to cut the Snap program but there is a need to get the fraud out of the program. Fraud by use of the holders of snap cards and establishments which accept the cards under false pretenses. Both of these problems can be solved.

    The easiest way to stop a lot of the fraud of the holders of the card is to put their picture on the card so they can not sell their benefits.

    Also SNAP recipients should not be able to return items to retailers and get cash back.

    On the part of retailers-each retailer has to be registered with the Federal Snap program in order to be paid for purchases. This probably is not the case now since many SNAP cards are used in places like bars and strip clubs.

    Better qualification of recipients of the cards and retailers who accept them is the answer to a better SNAP program. It is not necessary to take the food away from millions of needy Americans including “working poor”, military veterans, and millions of America’s children.

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  11. i help at a food pantie and see box and bags og “free goverment ” food as they think it is plus snap and some even wic. If you are on food stamps you should not be eating high on the hog was behind one last christmas that bought 6 quart of egg nog using snap

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  12. Minimum wage jobs do not pay a livable wage. Are we not subsidizing companies like WalMart to feed their workers and their families?

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  13. Congress has moved to cut SNAP benefits. Yet another highly federally subsidized program that is being phased out is getting loud screams from many of the same Congressman who voted to cut SNAP benefits. The federal flood insurance program is losing its subsides, the result is many people who live in areas that are flood prone are screaming. The suggestion has been made that the lack of the federal subsidies will all but certainly kill the real estate market in Florida. Where many homes and business are built in highly flood prone areas. Perhaps this is business that the federal government should get out of and seek to have the business privatized?

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  14. Think of SNAP as jobs, not food. Since a change of control in 2006 (not 2008) jobs (and taxpayers) have gone downhill. The trend that Reid/Pelosi started in 2006 has not worked.

    Do we need to double down on it because we didn’t support it enough?

    Or do we need a different direction? There is no way a dwindling pool of jobs and taxpayers can support all those out of work.

    Jobs is the solution to SNAP.

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  15. You can take it from someone who earns friggin minimum wage that is does cover even viable living ($7.50)…u do the math when hours have been cut to 25 hrs. a week. Rent 600, car 194, car insur. 60, electric 90-100, water 60…where’s room for food, or health insurance thats being rammed down our throats that no one wants! No frills here, nothing left to cut!! Jobs u do manage to get want to work like friggin mule=stressed out=medical issues=frustrated as….America has gone to hell in a hen basket…I no longer recognize it!

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  16. I am a full time student work is a math tutor and my wife is going to cancer treatment yes I am on food stamps for now this keeps my kids fed so I can finish school in three semesters when I graduate I won’t be on food stamps I love this country because I know that I could work hard get help and become a better, more predictive person and then help some one else les fortunate. now I’m beginning to hate Republicans more and more because they are changing the fundamental part of government that has helped me so far. there was a time not too long ago I was Republican and a very strong one and the Republicans I stood behind used to be fine with programs like food stamps what happened?

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  17. With the present policies, some not happening until 2014, this will continue. Nothing is getting better, exempt the manipulation of numbers given to us. What do you think will happen if this continues? Keep in mind SNAP has doubled since 2008. With the policies about to begin, all I see is more job losses. All I hear is ‘things are getting better’. Devaluing our money means things are getting better? That’s just dumb and illogical!

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  18. I just want to clarify a couple of misconceptions that appear in these comments as an injured person who can’t currently work that’s receiving snap for the first time. first of all, the applications process IS means tested. documentation of all assets, expenses, income, etc. have to be provided. Second, no one, and I mean NO ONE who lives on SNAP alone is living high on the hog. As stated above, the average benefit is $133 a month – that’s less than $5/day to LIVE on, even in February. This does not equate to a motivation to avoid work in the same way that Welfare does. Third, different states have different protocols to follow as far as who gets them and for how long, so while in one state it might be true that a person can receive them for 3 months out of 3 years and is forced to at least seek employment, in other states, people can receive them for up to six months without reporting back unless they make a certain amount of money monthly. Fourth, fraud is very limited in the SNAP program since, in most states, a person is only allowed to be re-issued a benefit card once or twice a year. The reason why it’s gross expenditures are so high is because of the number of impoverished and un/under-employed Americans. Fifth, it may be true that some people buy terrible food with SNAP, but at less than $5/day, recipients are priced out of most decent quality food. Think about it – when you’ve got less than $1.50 per meal, do you really have to pile on the indignity of dictating their diets? SNAP can’t be used at most fast-food places (there is a singular exception in San Francisco where certain locations of certain companies are permitted to accept SNAP.)

    All of this negative posturing over SNAP is a canard to begin with – a a 10% cut of our insanely bloated military budget could cover SNAP in its entirety. It’s budget in 2010 was $664bn and was projected to rise by 9% per year after that, and is larger than the next closest 20 nation’s spending combined. China, who’s second on the list, isn’t our enemy and is bound inextricably with us (and wal-mart, their eighth largest trading partner) economically, so them attacking us or our interests elsewhere isn’t very likely. It’ll be a sad day when we accept blowing up a social safety net so that we can blow other nations into gaping craters.

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  19. It’s quite obvious there are many people in america who should return their hs diplomas(assuming they are in pos. of one). Basic economics is a one semester hs course. In that course a student is supposed to learn that the economy is represented as a cycle. An interconnected system of consumers/workers and businessband govt – all inter-related. And economics is simply a dcsion-making process based on people’s values. So it is all in our hands as the decision-makers. This should be partially based on needs. When one part of the cycle is disrupted, eventually the rest of the economy suffers. This is reality. You can’t starve the workers and keep a thriving economy. While we have subsidues and taxes, we will never have a laissez-faire econ and we wouldn’t want it-it’s an unstable roller coaster ride. So those of you whocan’t see why it’s economically necessary for a stable econ and society to tie the farm susidiesto SNAP. Go back to high school and find a good econ teacher. Meanwhile the rest of us must think about creating jobs so people don’t need food stamps. The fact that there are no jobs makes the repub work requirement ludicrous, for whom the bell tolls. Hear repub? Called the death knell.

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  20. Food Stamps were setup so that the less fortunate could go to the grocery store and buy food.The old Government program you got rations, nothing with any great amount of Nutrition for good health. Food stamps,EBT etc. make it possible for the needy to eat nutritious meals. If the person waste their allotment on eggnog then so be it. The miniscule amount they get and what is purchased doesn’t really matter. One can’t buy Cigarettes, alcohol, only food and eggnog is a food.

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  21. All the people that mentioned 18 to 50 year olds should go and get a job. What job? Are you living in the USA. The amount of jobs in relation to the amount of people looking for job is probably somewhere 500:1, These people do look for jobs, but there are not enough jobs to go around, and then you have the kids leaving high school or college or university, that adds to the number. Why cant they try balancing the budget with giving themselves a cut in salary?

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  22. I thought the idea of the Farm Credit ACT of 1933, was to allow the farms to maintain their crops and live stock in the event of financial hardship, loss of crops or live stock;in the form of loans, subsidies, tax exempt status and emergency aid and assistace in the case of environmental disaster?

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  23. “Burden on tax payers” huh? What about all those war machines that only create war…..Mark Beaumont with his comment at the top could not have explained it more eloquently…….These beings must not be human because they do not seem to care about anyone but themselves and their wallets. WAke uP Beings! Don’t you REAL EYES that who you deny is YOU!!! What ever you do to another,YOu do to yourself.

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  24. Why is no one complaining about the true beneficiaries of SNAP??: ConAgra, Monsanto and Archer Daniels Midland to name but a few of the corporate succubae who should be the first ones cut off–not the working poor which make up the largest segment of SNAP recipients.

    And, to all the congress members who think SNAP is a disincentive to work when their lobbyist-paid lunch is far more than the average $130 monthly SNAP payout. How well could any of them eat on $4.33 per day? I for one am going to work right now and quit my $1000/month job so I can live high on that government hog! and maybe then I can afford to move out of the homeless shelter.

    I cannot imagine how any lawmaker sleeps at night without great handfuls of government-subsidized pharmaceuticals.

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  25. I wish to point out that our Medicare and all associated health and welfare assistance programs have had a track record of successful operations and efficiently offering assistance programs to American citizens since 1964 when Medicare/Medicaid was implemented as a alternative health plan to the general population of needy and low income families in our society. Our Medicare and health programs have a tract record of being those most effective and adquitite system in the world. This programs do :Not: need to be replaced but do need to recognize that these programs are in serious trouble and need serious reevaluation and more decrementing by State funded A.D.H.C.C in their distribution and guidelines as far as client eligibility and document screening to verify both legal and/or fraudulently identifications submitted for verification of American citizenry.
    I presented a pre-graduate thesis identifying “The Negative Impact Of Fraudulently and Illegal Documented Mexican Immigrants on The Economic and Social Infrastructures of The United States”. My hypothesis was based on validated statistics and verified documentation from both state and private funded organizations identifying and stating the correlation with our depleting health system programs and the influx of illegal immigrants by our neighboring country of Mexico. I will atttach a copy of that thesis for your considering and hopefully your support to help rectify this crisis from a local and community based actions.
    Also we need to hold those politically elected officials responsible and in default for ignoring our Countries Immigration Laws and Procedures in order to cater and illegally assist in the ability and acceptance of non- American citizens voting.

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  26. Our nation has always been, and was proudly formed from, a nation of refugee immigrants. Our nation has always been accessible and welcoming to those individuals that were fleeing either an oppressive dictatorship or a corrupt government within their own country or merely fleeing from a designed circumstance of religious persecution. We as a generous people and a generous nation we have always offered the misplaced, the misfits, and the refugees of third worlds the opportunity to obtain the freedom and security and the hope of being able to live their life as free willed individual citizen. On October 28, 1886, France honored and then awarded the United States of America a symbolic and precious work of art, the Statue of Liberty, to commemorate and honor that very aspect of our great nation and its people, the unwavering ability to grant those of less fortunate circumstances the chance to better themselves as a independent prospering citizen, with the rights, the liberties and the justice allotted to all.
    Yet as we stand here today, we are being sorely tested as to our greatness and resolve in bestowing our known generosity and kindness to an advancing invasion of undocumented immigrants of a neighboring nation that is in political and economic turmoil as witnessed daily on national televised news stations. These immigrants are fleeing their own country Mexico due to a collapsing economy and a social climate oppressed by the dictatorship of whichever drug cartel that happens to command that area of power creating a chaotic social atmosphere full of crime, fear and in some cases, ultimately death. This situation cannot and must not be tolerated and let allowed to be set aside any longer. As this exodus of undocumented Mexicans from Mexico into the United States continues to escalate there will continue to be an obvious and negative impact of undocumented Mexican immigrants on the United States social and economic infrastructures,
    Our nation has rules, regulations and policies set in place to make the immigration acquisition compatible with our nation’s democratic and legislative values and institutional laws. The United States Immigration Laws state that:
    A Green Card or Permanent Resident Card serves as proof of a person’s lawful permanent resident status in the United States. An individual with a Green Card has the right to live and work permanently in the United States. A person’s valid Green Card also means that he or she is registered in the U.S. in accordance with United States immigration laws..U.S Immigration Support, Article Green Card Applicationl}
    We cannot and must not allow our immigration process to be questioned, altered or misinterpreted to accommodate an onslaught of undocumented Mexican immigrant refugee’s entry into our country. Our nation is generous to a fault, but we cannot loose control of our immigration and integration laws that help to moderate and control the population and the integration of new immigrants entering legally into our country. Without the enforcement of these designated rules and regulations set forth by the immigration officials, we are witnessing overpopulation in many districts, higher unemployment figures, less financial aid available to impoverished districts and numerous other smaller, yet just as concerning ramifications from the misrepresentation of the population majority.
    As many of us are aware of the suspected high numbers of the undocumented Mexican immigrants now permanently residing in the United States, why then are we inactive and unconcerned when confronted with the reality of those astounding numbers as reported by, The Urban Institute,
    Our best estimate, based on the March 2002 Current Population Survey and other data sources, is that there are 9.3 million undocumented immigrants in the country. They represent 26 percent of the total foreign-born population. Countries of origin: Mexicans make up over half of undocumented immigrants—57 percent of the total, or about 5.3 million. Another 2.2 million (23 percent) are from other Latin American countries. About 10 percent are from Asia, 5 percent from Europe and Canada, and 5 percent from the rest of the world. Distribution by state: Almost two-thirds of the undocumented population lives in just six states: California (26 percent), Texas (12 percent), Florida (10 percent) New York (8 percent), Illinois (4 percent), and New Jersey (4 percent) {Web Article, Juan M. Pedroza}.
    These numbers should be alarming to our government and to our nation in considering the implications that those numbers represent as to enhancing the instability and misrepresentation of our own nations failing economy and rising unemployment figures.
    The Urban Institute is active in providing extensive studies and research results that are continually being analyzed in consideration of the future implications that could possibly arise from the continued invasion of undocumented Mexican immigrants fleeing into the country and the affect of those that are already permanently assimilated here in the United States. One such study is “The Balance Child and Family Protection with Immigration Enforcement Goals, Study Recommends” {Mathew Johnson} which analyzes the cultural impact of illegal Mexican immigrants having children in the United States and the controversy over those children’s nationality status of rights and privileges.
    This report also focuses on the negative emotional and social impact on these children who are remanded to the care of social services due to the incarceration and possible deportation back to Mexico of their undocumented mother or father. This situation then demands that the state adopt the responsibility of said children to provide housing, food, and to supply required medical attention to these immigrant children that would be the sole responsibility and burden of that state and its limited funding.
    In considering the data sources presented by the above named organizations an individual would tend to account that a large percent of the undocumented Mexican immigrants would prefer to remain anonymous in obscurity, rather then to participate in any personal census accounting or county resident assessments due to their illegal standing and/or their possession of fraudulent immigration documentation and the persistent threat of deportation back to Mexico.
    By the intrusion of the numerous undocumented immigrants illegally entering and permanently residing in United States we are beginning to notice a definite negative impact on our social and economic infrastructures. Our economic system is being overwhelmed due to supplying state funded medical and financial assistance to those that are here illegally and undocumented in their district and the communities where they receive assistance. A current report by the American Public Health Association states,” The current eligibility rules for public assistance and unenforceable financial support agreements have proved wholly incapable of assuring that individual aliens not burden the public benefits system” and that “it is a compelling government interest to remove the incentive for illegal immigration provided by the availability of public benefits” { Journal List > Am J Public Health > v.93(10); Oct 2003}
    Districts and counties within a State are allotted a share of state and federal funding based on the population in that particular district or county. The population identity of each individual residing within each county or district will dictate the amount of funds allocated to that area for specified assistances. These estimates were presented by the U.S. Census Bureau;
    “The Population Estimates Program publishes total resident population estimates and demographic components of change (births, deaths, and migration) each year. We also publish the estimates by demographic characteristics (age, sex, race, and Hispanic origin) for the nation, states, and counties. These estimates are used in federal funding allocations, as denominators for vital rates and per capita time series, as survey controls, and in monitoring recent demographic changes.”.{ Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2010 }.
    The anonymity of the numerous undocumented Mexican immigrants residing within a district or county, represents a major problem affecting the insufficient distribution and allocations of state and federal funding. Many undocumented Mexican immigrants have procured fraudulent and illegal identification documentation that will pass as legal documentation when presented to unsuspecting social worker when applying for low income housing, financial aid, and for medical assistance from the state. The Center for Immigration Studies investigated the use of fraudulent identification by undocumented Mexican immigrants and filed their findings in an article called,” Illegal, but Not Undocumented: Identity Theft, Document Fraud and Illegal Employment”
    .This article presented by Ronald W Mortensen proclaims that “Illegal immigrants are not “undocumented.” They have fraudulent documents such as counterfeit Social Security cards, forged drivers licenses, fake “green cards,” and phony birth certificates. Experts suggest that approximately 75 percent of working-age illegal aliens use fraudulent Social Security cards to obtain employment”.
    By misrepresenting themselves as a United States citizen and are utilizing the limited federal and state funding, these individuals are depriving the allocated funding and monies that were allotted to those individuals that were counted on the census statistics as residing within that district or county and having rights and previlidge to those funds. The majorities of these undocumented Mexican immigrants do pay taxes to the United States through their place of employment and most are living life as a full United States citizen, with forged documents to prove it.
    The negative impact of undocumented Mexican immigrants on the United States social and economic infrastructures is apparent in many sectors of our everyday living. We have discussed some of the economical aspects of this problem and now we will turn to the social ramifications of this continuing invasion of the undocumented Mexican immigrants and their influence on the residential and local social environment where they reside. Some of the larger Western and Northwestern based supermarkets such as Kroger’s and Wall-Mart Deli, have integrated Mexican influenced items directed at their numerous Mexican customers.
    The local gas and electric utility companies have communication option for engaging in either English or Spanish. The majority of our nations cities that border on Mexico and have a large Mexican population have integrated Spanish into their everyday communications systems allowing an individual the option of communicating in English or Spanish.. The Social Security Offices, Department of Economic Security, Department of Motor Vehicle, all these departments are directly specified for the utilization and appropriation by American citizens and must a Nationalized American citizen be able to communicate in the national language, of English?
    Phoenix Arizona, in the year of 2010, hosted the largest publicized gathering of Mexican protesters marching on the Arizona Capital in protest of the instituting of new and harsher legislation laws concerning Arizona immigration. This public and angry arousal of tens of thousands of Mexican nationals, consisting of both legal documented retainers and the undocumented illegal within our borders and nation, should be a warning sign as to the potential power of a single ethnic group of specific nationality or ethnicity that by pure weight of numbers and with a single mindedness of conviction could challenge and most probably influence change in United States policies and in the restructuring of our existing laws. As demonstrated by the web site, Latinos for Reform, this web site is directed at the Mexican population residing here in the United States and has had a definite impact on influencing the way the undocumented Mexican immigrant can effectively interact politically and socially with the secure sense of full anonymity.
    The web site that I speak of, Latinos for Reform, is a Latino based, Latino ran and Latino supported web site. The negative social ramification from this site is apparent upon my first visit where the author has called for a national boycott on this year, 2010 primary elections, stating the reason for the boycott is based on our nation’s inactivity concerning national immigration reform and the lack of any substantial change in policy. This following statement from the web site, Latinos for Reform, supports my thesis on the negative social affect of the undocumented immigrant and their influence upon our social infrastructure: our political system,
    Now is the time for Latinos to decide what role they will play in America’s future. If we sit idly by and vote for the same lawmakers that ignore us once in office, we will just get more of the same. If however, we don’t vote for these politicians, then we will command the attention and respect of both sides of the isle, {Latinos for Reform, Article, Latinos, Don’t be Taken for Granted. This November, DON’T VOTE. 2010}
    This statement eludes me as to finding any understanding in the author’s perception that by not voting, an individual can create effective change. While the whole democracy based political system is structured for change and that only by an individual exercising their right and privilege as an American citizen to be heard through their vote, then and only then can there be hope for an expectant change in policies. to undermine our political system by suggesting to other Latinos, Mexican Immigrants], that they should not vote this election and that they are more powerful of a citizen by not voicing their opinion through their vote to withhold their privilege and right as a U.S. citizen and not to show up at the voting polls is in no way proactive in the pursuit of finding a solution or remedy to the social disorder that seems to be evident.
    As our political leaders review and investigate the negative impact of undocumented Mexican immigrants on the United States Social and Economic Infrastructures, this statement from Latinos for Reform, provides a prime example of concern over the social ramifications brought about by negative propaganda that allows for adjustments and considerations to be implemented into our immigration laws in order to protect our nation from just such an invasion as it is currently happening from our neighboring country, Mexico. As an American citizen, an individual would be expected to know our nations policies and to understand why some policies and laws are loosely monitored and why others are closely regulated in terms of security and control. Our nation must have control over our borders and be able regulate the type and amount of population that crosses into the United States.
    As our political forefathers designed the first drafts of the proposed immigration laws one prominent theme seems to be recurring throughout history, and that is that the United States has always depended on the importation of labor from third world countries to accommodate and meet the production expectations in both, the fabrication of raw materials and in the labor fields of agriculture, dependent on the events of a national crisis or involving our nations industrial advancements into the future.
    Society can view the present undocumented Mexican migration as an ongoing situation that was perpetrated by our nation’s forefathers in her early colonial years and is recurrent throughout our history involving our neighbors to the north Mexico. In 1930 our nation allowed for the temporary residence of undocumented Mexican immigrants to work in the U.S to help relieve the economic distress of the Great depression. Subsequently our government became alarmed at the number of Mexican immigrants and initiated the program referred to as the,” Repatriation Campaign, in which 500,000 Mexican immigrants were “repatriated” back to Mexico, with more than half of them being U.S. citizens.{ Article#15, Race and Ethnic Relations 09/10 B}.
    In 1940 the United States entered World War Two and once again our nation looked to our neighbors in Mexico to help supply immigrant workers to neutralize the labor shortage. In 1950 many Americans were alarmed at the number of undocumented Mexican immigrants residing in the U.S. and as a result the Attorney General Herbert Brownell, JR, launched “Operation Wetback” to expel Mexicans from this country. More than 1 million persons of Mexican descent were expelled from this country at which a large portion of whom were legal American citizens {Operation Wetback, Article 16, 2010 A}.
    We as a nation must take a stand and rectify that which our predecessors have put into motion and halt this invasion of the undocumented Mexican immigrant and to adopt and institute drastic immigration reform by instituting harsher penalties and punishment for those unwilling to conform to United States immigration laws and standards.
    The President of The United States, President Obama, has personally addressed the issue of the numerous undocumented Mexican immigrants residing within the United States. President Obama expresses his concerns on immigration in this published statement by the White House,” President Obama believes that our broken immigration system can only be fixed by putting politics aside and offering a complete solution that secures our border, enforces our laws, and reaffirms our heritage as a nation of immigrants .(Guiding principles, July 02, 2010 12:25 PM EST}”. This article states that Preident Obama “will” strengthen border control, he will improve our immigration system and he will bring people out of the Shadows by offering a system that allows undocumented immigrants who are in good standing to pay a fine, learn English, and go to the back of the line for the opportunity to become citizens. These measures are currently being discussed and implemented into future discussions concerning immigration and immigration reform.
    Another viable solution would be to offer temporary visiting visas and offering the undocumented Mexican immigrant a chance to come forward and be counted as a temporary guest of the United States and to give that person an identity and allow those undocumented Mexican immigrants that live in a constant fear of deportation to live a fear free life and to be awarded the privilege of having the security of not having to be a victim any longer. If an undocumented immigrant can show proof for the previous five years of being a productive and active member of our society, no criminal record, abiding by all laws and showing proof of paying all taxes. Allow them proper documentation or a special drivers license that will distinguish them as a legal visiting immigrant of Mexico and award them the chance to regain their identity as a individual and grant them individual citizen rights.
    By allowing undocumented immigrant a chance to come forward and be counted as a temporary citizen allows our demographics and census bureaus to actively witness a definite increase in both the population and census records recording the concentration of individuals within their districts. This rise in the district and counties population numbers would allow the appropriate funding and financial support to be distributed and maintained in accordance with the population This solution would also allow for more control and monitoring of voting privileges to insure that the individuals that are voting have satisfied the mandated immigration laws of citizenry and have earned the right to vote, verses the undocumented immigrant using false documents to register and illegally pass their vote.
    Another more drastic option would be to take a very controversial and drastic measure to assign a special police force to aggressively and systematically search out and document all illegal Mexican immigrants for deportation back to Mexico. Many may say that this would be profiling and against state and federal laws, yes it is against federal and state laws that directly affect and pertain too, United State Citizens. But, undocumented and illegal immigrants are not covered under United State laws and regulations; therefore they are here illegally and have no rights. This mode of action has been tolerated and assisted by state and federal agencies throughout our histories past in order to moderate and suppress undocumented illegal immigration into our country, but this action could and most probably would be viewed and considered by a majority of citizen rights activists and civil rights organizations as an unconstitutional act of personal aggression or as a civil rights violation regardless the immigrants illegal status here in the U.S.
    To be a naturally born American citizen here in the United States allows for the personal pursuit of happiness and prosperity with personal rights and privileges that are not tolerated or extended in other cultures and/or nations. As a naturalized American citizen, we honor and cherish our freedoms and choices allotted to us as American citizens and in earnest will fight to keep these rights and freedoms guaranteed by our democracy. We are a very loving and generous nation, but a little intolerant and discrete of whom we allow to obtain the status and privilege of full American citizenship The above choices are but a few examples of the options available to our country and our government so that we may comprehensively and knowledgably make the appropriate choices and decisions to utilize in the hopes that the information we glean may help in the search and conclusion for a viable solution to the negative impact of the undocumented Mexican immigrants on the United States social and economic infrastructures.
    P.S.
    I wrote this thesis in the Fall of 2011 while attending Arizona Western College and since then I have been startled and alarmed in the progressive rise in the number of the Hispanic and Mexican population within our Nation; in complete contrast to the number of visas and permits filed and then accepted through the Office of the National Immigration Service. With each passing year I become more aware of the infiltration and integration of the Hispanic cultural values and influences within our local communities and social networks such as some major food chains catering to the dietary supplements and expectations of traditional Spanish taste and cuisine. All official state and federal application forms and correspondences are offered to the public in both the English and Spanish printed versions and are spoken in both the English and Spanish languages. English because we are an English speaking providence and in Spanish because our government officials acknowledge that we are being over populated and occupied by an invading horde of Spanish speaking immigrants.
    When entering a doctor’s office or medical facility the overwhelming majority of Hispanic patients are conversing in their native tongue of Spanish and viewing Spanish orientated television shows which the average American citizen cannot speak or understand and therefore negating any chance of a friendly or social interaction. Consequently this situation and the frequency of identical situations occurring throughout our society has created an atmosphere of distrust, misunderstandings and intolerance directed towards the non-English speaking majority of Hispanic visitors taking up permanent residence within the borders of our communities and of our Nation.
    We citizens of the United States have the responsibility, the obligation, and the privilege as a functioning part of our great country and society to defend and to protect our country from foreign invasion or illegal occupancy that threatens both our social and economic stability as a nation. We as nation are encountering an immediate crisis in the economic sector, in the employment sector and in the social sector of our society due to the invasion of illegal Mexican immigrants entering through unrestrained borders and integrating into family units that are currently here on either work visas or are here illegally themselves. These illegal individuals will lead clandestine existences in order to eliminate the probability of them being questioned or detained as illegal immigrants due to their fraudulent documentation.
    As in my presentation, the facts show that an estimated seventy percent of the Mexican immigrants in the United States are here illegally using doctored or forged United States identification documentation. These illegal individuals know that their documentation is fraudulent and possibly may not stand up to an in-depth information search as routinely performed by law enforcement officers, yet they do know that it will pass the scrutiny of A.H.C.C.C.S. of Arizona and most probably is accepted on face value for most other state funded agencies throughout our Nation. This oversight alone has allowed fraudulent documented illegal Mexican immigrant’s free access to the rights and privileges of state funded food supplement programs, cash grant assistance programs and medical programs that are funded by our Nation and are reserved specifically for the citizens of the United States.

    I intend to start with the A.H.C.C.C.S. Department of Arizona and accompanying state medical providers and request a audit charging A.H.C.C.C.S. of Arizona and their subsidiary Health choice of Arizona, with a “Fraud Case”, charging them with “Knowingly distributing federal and state funding to Illegally documented Mexican Immigrants”. Anyone on the local or state assistance programs will undergo a thorough identification and documentation validation of those with Hispanic or Mexican ethnicity to guarantee authentication as to their legal or temporary visage and therefore validating their eligibility to remain in this country, while deporting the fraudulently documented Mexican immigrant back to their homeland of Mexico with the restriction of never being allowed to return to the United States.
    This may be considered by some to be profiling a certain ethnic group, well it is. It is identifying a problem of Illegal Mexican Immigrants flowing into our country through clandestine means and integrating into our society causing shortages in both the economic and employment sectors of our great nation. Realize also that these immigrants are fleeing a country that is at war with the dictating drug cartels where death and oppression is a daily ordeal. Mexico is in a battle that both their social and economic infrastructures are failing and the Mexican citizen can no longer feel safe or secure in their own homes. Regardless, we cannot afford to finance the relocation of a fleeing neighboring nation of immigrants within the infrastructure of our own Nation. There is a very valid reason for our immigration laws and their restrictions on how many people can enter the United States and with the implementing of these immigration laws they are meant to prevent the exact crisis that is now fracturing our great Nation.
    CITED SOURCES;
    http://www.cis.org/identitytheft
    Access to and Use of Health Services Among Undocumented Mexican Immigrants in a US Urban Area
    Arijit Nandi, Sandro Galea, Gerald Lopez, Vijay Nandi, Stacey Strongarone, and Danielle C. Ompad
    Am J Public Health. 2008 November; 98(11): 2011–2020. doi: 10.2105/AJPH.2006.096222.
    PMCID: PMC2636432

    http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/immigration
    Kromkowski A. John. “Article 16, Historical Discrimination in the Immigration Laws A.
    Race and Ethnic Relations. 17ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2010. 57. Print.

    http://www.whitehouse.gov/issues/immigration Kromkowski A. John. “Article 16, Historical Discrimination in the Immigration Laws B.
    Race and Ethnic Relations. 17ed. Boston: McGraw Hill, 2010. 57. Print.
    Worth Richard, Mexican Immigrants”
    http://www.cis.org/identitytheft
    Ronald W. Mortensen, Ronald W. June 2009
    “Illegal, but Not Undocumented: Identity Theft, Document Fraud, and Illegal Employment”
    http://latinosforreform.com/
    Online Article, Latinos, Don’t be Taken for Granted. This November, DON’T VOTE. 2010
    http://www.census.gov/popest/overview.html
    “The Population Estimates Program publishes total resident population estimates and demographic components of change, Source: U.S. Census Bureau, Population Division, 2010.
    http://www.urban.org/publications/1000587.html
    U.S Immigration Support, 2010, Jeffrey S. Passel, Randolph Capps, Michael E. Fix
    https://www.usimmigrationsupport.org/greencard.html,
    U.S. Immigration Support, Your On-Line Guide to U.S. Visas, Green Cards and Citizenship.

    http://www.urban.org/publications/901373.html
    Matthew Johnson, February 2 2010, (202)

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  27. We can thank NAFTA in large part for the problems that you detail, Dean, because it only gave very profitable US manufacturing corporations unfettered license to move across the border to take advantage of cheap Mexican labor with no benefits or EPA oversights –those corporations still pay less than the “illegal” immigrants make in this country in their migrant work — which no US citizen wants anyway. Your thesis is a racist, oversimplification of the “illegal” immigrant problem and does not hold the US sponsored economic imperialism accountable for its role in the problem. The anti-immigrant camps want us all to believe that Mexican workers WANT to risk getting shot by border patrol; WANT to risk getting starved or worse by the mules who offer to get them across; WANT to live sometimes thousands of miles away from their culture and loved ones ; and, WANT live as fugitives always looking over their shoulders waiting to be snatched up by la migre. Who wouldn’t want to live like that? That they WANT to both assimilate and bring their culture advances us all because this is a country of immigrants — remember the white people stole it from the Indians and the Mexicans.

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